One of the main features of globalization is the cross-border flow of capital. It is enough to undertake or multinationals to invest in different countries. For a company that will invest in other countries, it may face many risk factors. Uncontrollable events, particularly those related to discretionary acts of the foreign government, can make their investments uncertain. During the reforms, negotiations were initiated with a number of countries for a bilateral investment promotion and protection agreement (BIPA) to promote and protect investor investment on a reciprocal basis. India signed the first BIPA with the United Kingdom in 1994. BIPas are now essential to provide both security and mutual trust to domestic investors. Although GDP is signed by governments, the beneficiaries are businesses. Investment protection is given to investments made by companies in other countries. Foreign investment in India did not increase until after economic reforms began in 1991. As part of the economic reform programme, the Indian government`s investment policy has been liberalized. The volume of foreign investment, particularly foreign direct investment, began to improve in the mid-1990s.
There is considerable economic logic in the production of BIPAS. All investors are looking for investment objectives that provide a protective, welcoming and profitable climate for their investments. Similarly, countries want to project themselves as investment-friendly destinations in order to attract more foreign investment. Because of these two, a large number of BIPAs are signed worldwide. More than 2,000 bilateral investment agreements have been concluded worldwide. Investment agreements see an upward trend. India has signed 83 bilateral trade and promotion agreements with countries such as the United Kingdom, China and the United Arab Emirates. Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreements (BIPAs) are agreements between the governments of two countries on the appropriate promotion and protection of investment in the other country`s territories by individuals and companies based in both states. This ensures the security of cross-border capital flows between countries.
Subsequently, a large number of IPBs were cropped with different countries with different clauses. So far, India (held on 10 January 2016) has signed 83 BIPAs (LESE is 83rd) with other countries; Of the 72 BIPAs already in force, the other agreements are being implemented. In addition, the agreements have also been concluded and/or negotiated with a number of other countries. From India`s perspective, bilateral investment agreements not only promote capital flows to India, but also provide a safe trading environment for Indian investors abroad. India has launched an ambitious exercise to renegotiate all its bilateral investment pacts and replace them with the new Bilateral Investment Treaty (ILO). Key features of these agreements include the guarantee of fair and equitable treatment, the status of the most favoured nation, the status of the situation and the dispute settlement mechanism. These agreements aim to encourage foreign investment without any risk. In order to avoid such situations and to guarantee the security of foreign investment by domestic companies, a government may enter into a bilateral agreement with a foreign government. These bilateral agreements are called bilateral investment agreements (ILOs) or bilateral investment promotion and protection agreements (BEIS). .
. . The government estimates that it will be at least a few years before the process is completed. “The renegotiation will take place on a case-by-case basis, as soon as a country responds. By then, the current BIPA will be in effect,” the official said. India-China: comparison; China`s foreign policy; Border issues Relationships Arunachal Pradesh; The last contract was signed in December 2013 with the United Arab Emirates, but was not implemented.